Muscat Ottonel B
Name of the variety in France
Muscat Ottonel
Origin
This variety was obtained by Mr Moreau-Robert in the 19th century. Based on genetic analyses carried out in Montpellier, it would result from the crossbreeding between Chasselas and Muscat d’Eisenstadt.
Synonyms
In the European Union, Muscat Ottonel is officially called by other names: Moschato Samou (Cyprus) and Ottonel muskotály (Hungary). These synonyms are officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Muscat Ottonel is officially listed in the "Catalogue of Vine Varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 192 446 429 158 162 158
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a low density of prostate hairs,
- the reddish young leaves,
- the shoots with red-striped internodes and long tendrils,
- the circular adult leaves, with three or five lobes, a slightly open or closed petiole sinus, short or medium teeth compared to their width at the base with convex sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a flat, smooth leaf blade, with a low to medium density of erect hairs on the veins on the upper side of the leaves, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium to high density of erect hairs
- round-shaped berries with muscaté flavor.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 176 188 256 248 257 239
Allel 2 141 225 243 186 194 260 254 267 263
Phenology
Bud burst: 6 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early-season, same as Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Muscat Ottonel is an early and weak variety, with a horizontal bearing. Not very sensitive to chlorosis, it is well adapted to clay-limestone terroirs. However, it is sensitive to coulure.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Muscat Ottonel is sensitive to downy mildew and grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are small to medium in size and the berries are medium to large. This variety has a good sugar potential and can produce aromatic dry wines and liqueur wines.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Muscat Ottonel clone carries the number 59.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
59 Haut-Rhin INRA 1971 Alsace 1.24 ha In study collection, the behaviour of this clone is consistent with the characteristics of the variety. Its wines are characterized by a good level of quality and typicity.