Muscat à petits grains blancs B
Name of the variety in France
Muscat à petits grains blancs
Origin
This variety would appear to originally be from Greece.
Synonyms
In the European Union, Muscat à petits grains blancs is officially called by other names: Gelber Muskateller (Austria, Germany), Moscatel de Grano Menudo (Spain), Moscatel Galego Branco (Portugal), Moscato Bianco (Italy), Moschato aspro (Cyprus, Greece), Muškat (Slovenia), Muškát žltý (Czech Republic, Slovakia), Muskat zuti (Croatia), Muskatel (Malta), Rumeni muškat (Slovenia), Sárga muskotály (Hungary). These synonyms are officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Muscat à petits grains blancs is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, Italy, Hungary, Malta, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 2297 3032 3720 4639 6058 7370 7540
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the very bronzed young leaves,
- the shoots with long tendrils,
- the circular, dark green adult leaves, with three or five lobes, a slightly open or closed V-shaped petiole sinus, moderate to large teeth, moderate to long compared to their width at the base with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a blistered leaf blade, often undulate between the main veins near the petiole sinus, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries with muscat flavor.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 225 233 176 186 252 240 245 263
Allel 2 131 234 249 191 196 256 248 267 271
Phenology
Bud burst: same as Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This moderately vigorous variety with an erect or semi-erect bearing, must be pruned short. This variety is particularly adapted to limestone terroirs.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Muscat à petits grains blancs is sensitive to powdery mildew, grey rot and hymenoptera. It is also very susceptible to mites.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are small and the berries are medium in size. This variety can produce dry white wines, sweet wines and sparkling wines. It can also be blended (with a small percentage) to provide aromatic nuances in neutral wines. Muscat à petits grains blancs has a high sugar potential with a good acidity balance, and intense, powerful and delicate flavor.
Clonal selection in France
The thriteen certified Muscat à petits grains blancs clones carry the numbers 154, 155, 156, 157, 452, 453, 454, 455, 576, 577, 578, 579 and 826. A conservatory of 130 clones has been planted in the French department of Aude since 1995. Recent surveys have led to the establishment of a second conservatory of a hundred or so clones in the wine-growing region of Die (French department of Drôme) in 2007.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
154 Lot-et-Garonne INRA 1971 Languedoc-Roussillon 8.57 ha medium low to medium medium low medium low to medium medium to high representative wines of the variety most appreciated wines in tasting
155 Non précisée INRA 1971 Clone not widely distributed.
156 Aveyron INRA 1972 Languedoc-Roussillon 0.75 ha medium low to medium low to medium medium medium low low to medium representative wines of the variety
157 Non précisée INRA 1972 Clone not widely distributed.
452 Drôme ENTAV 1976 Languedoc-Roussillon
Rhône-Valley
medium medium to high medium high medium medium low representative wines of the variety
453 Drôme ENTAV 1976 Languedoc-Roussillon 0.93 ha medium to high medium to high medium to high low to medium low to medium high medium to high representative wines of the variety
454 Drôme ENTAV 1976 Languedoc-Roussillon 0.48 ha medium to high high medium to high medium to high medium to high medium to high high representative wines of the variety
455 Drôme ENTAV 1976 Languedoc-Roussillon 1.62 ha high high high medium medium to high medium medium to high representative wines of the variety
576 Hérault ENTAV 1978 Languedoc-Roussillon medium medium medium medium to high representative wines of the variety
577 Lot-et-Garonne ENTAV 1978 Languedoc-Roussillon
Rhône-Valley
medium medium medium medium to high representative wines of the variety
578 Drôme ENTAV 1978 Languedoc-Roussillon medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
579 Drôme ENTAV 1978 Languedoc-Roussillon 0.33 ha medium medium medium medium to high representative wines of the variety
826 Pyrénées-Orientales ENTAV 1985 Languedoc-Roussillon 1.26 ha medium medium medium medium to high medium to high representative wines of the variety more erect bearing