Muscardin N
Name of the variety in France
Muscardin
Origin
Muscardin is a variety native to the Côtes du Rhône.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Muscardin is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 1 25 10 17 16 16
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves with slightly bronze spots,
- the large adult leaves, with three lobes, a closed petiole sinus or with slightly overlapping lobes, teeth with convex sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a strongly blistered, twisted leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, no or a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the broad ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 176 188 250 240 235 239
Allel 2 131 229 249 182 202 252 248 259 251
Phenology
Bud burst: 8 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety, with its long shoots, requires to be sufficiently trained.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Muscardin is a little susceptible to grey rot but is sensitive to esca.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and berries are medium in size. Muscardin has a fairly low to moderate sugar potential. It can produce relatively acidic and not very colored wines with a nice finesse.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Muscardin clone acrries the number 1101. It comes from surveys carried out in the Côtes du Rhône region. A conservatory of 20 or so clones was planted in 2001 in the Côtes du Rhône region.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1101 Vaucluse ENTAV 2006 Clone consistent with the characteristics of the variety.