Mourvèdre N
Name of the variety in France
Mourvèdre
Origin
This variety is originally from Spain and was probably introduced in France at the end of the Middle Ages.
Synonyms
In the European Union, Mourvèdre is officially called by other names: Mataro (Cyprus) and Monastrell (Spain). These synonyms are officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Mourvèdre is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Crotia, Cyprus, Greece, Malta and Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 617 857 3146 5608 7249 9164 9149
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a very high density of prostate hairs,
- the young leaves with bronze spots,
- the shoots with red colored internodes and an erect bearing,
- the circular adult leaves, entire or with three lobes, with a open lyre-shaped petiole sinus, large teeth, moderate compared to their width at the base with straight sides, a moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins, a flat leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a high density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 249 176 188 252 240 243 239
Allel 2 149 238 249 186 204 262 262 257 255
Phenology
Bud burst: 13 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Mourvèdre is a demanding variety and its growing is delicate. With its erect bearing and acrotonic nature, it must be pruned short. As such, it can be trained in cordon, with reduced trellis or in open gobelet. Care must be taken to maintain the non abundant foliage, that is moderately effective. Trimming must be avoided to limit the presence of large size grappillons, which then represent a bothersome competition. Production per vine trunk must be low to prevent risk of depletion. This variety sometimes demonstrates alternating fertility. The pedo-climatic requirements of Mourvèdre are very demanding. This variety appears well adapted to limestone soils deep enough to allow a limited but regular water supply. Potassium and magnesium supplies (K/Mg) must also be balanced in order to prevent the appearance of deficencies. Finally, the main limiting factor for growing this late variety (budburst and grape maturity), is that the temperatures at the moment of grape maturation must be very high (especially minimum temperatures) to enable proper ripening and a sufficient accumulation of sugar in the berries. This variety is thus reserved for the hottest southern areas and the best exposed.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Mourvèdre is sensitive to mites, vine leafhoppers, esca and sour rot. On the other hand, it is generally not very so susceptible to grey rot and it resists well againt phomopsis.
Technological potentiality
Mourvèdre's bunches are medium to large and the berries are medium in size. The color potential of this variety is moderate with sometimes a lack of acidity. Nevertheless, Mourvèdre can produce very high quality, aromatic, tannic and structured wines, suitable for ageing and maturing in wood barrels, provided that the grape maturity is sufficient (12 natural degrees minimum) and that the production per vine trunk is limited.
Clonal selection in France
The fourteen certified Mourvèdre clones carry the numbers 233, 234, 244, 245, 247, 248, 249, 369, 448, 449, 450, 520, 1069 and 1215. A conservatory of almost 100 clones has been planted in the wine-growing region of Bandol (French department of Var) since 2004.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
233 Var ENTAV 1973 Languedoc
Provence
Rhône-Valley
0.46 ha medium medium medium to high high medium representative wines of the variety
234 Drôme ENTAV 1973 Languedoc
Provence
Rhône-Valley
2.28 ha medium to high medium medium to high medium to high medium medium to high representative wines of the variety
244 Aude INRA 1973 Languedoc
Provence
Rhône-Valley
2.25 ha high high high high medium representative wines of the variety
245 Non précisée INRA 1973 Languedoc 0.66 ha medium to high representative wines of the variety
247 Aude INRA 1973 Languedoc
Provence
Rhône-Valley
0.40 ha medium medium to high high high medium representative wines of the variety
248 Non précisée INRA 1973 Languedoc 0.37 ha medium to high representative wines of the variety
249 Aude INRA 1973 Languedoc
Provence
Rhône-Valley
1.86 ha low to medium medium medium medium to high representative wines of the variety clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and the quality of the wines obtained
369 Espagne ENTAV 1975 Languedoc
Provence
Rhône-Valley
10.70 ha low to medium low to medium low to medium medium to high high medium medium to high well-balanced wines, representative of the variety clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and the quality of the wines obtained
448 Non précisée ENTAV 1976 Languedoc
Provence
Rhône-Valley
0.34 ha medium high high low medium representative wines of the variety irregular production
449 Non précisée ENTAV 1976 Provence 1.20 ha medium to high medium to high medium medium balanced wines but that can lack acidity
450 Non précisée ENTAV 1976 Languedoc
Provence
Rhône-Valley
0.04 ha medium medium to high high low medium representative wines of the variety
520 Charente ENTAV 1976 Provence 0.47 ha high high medium low high representative wines of the variety
1069 Espagne CA 83 - ENTAV 2003 Provence low to medium low to medium low to medium low high high medium medium to high aromatic wines with a good tannic structure clone less productive and appreciated in tasting
1215 Espagne CA 83 - IFV 2014 Provence low to medium low to medium low to medium medium high medium high balanced rosé wines with high aromatic intensity clone suitable for the production of rosé wines. Appreciated in tasting (red fruits, floral and sweet notes).