Morrastel N
Name of the variety in France
Morrastel
Origin
This variety is of Spanish origin and where it is called Graciano.
Synonyms
In France, this variety can officially be called "Minustellu" regarding plant propagation material. In the European Union, Morrastel is officially called by other names: Cagnulari (Italy), Graciano (Spain, Malta) and Tinta Miuda (Portugal).
Legal information
In France, Morrastel is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Italy, Malta, Portugal and Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 7 6 6 57
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the reddish-orange or yellow young leaves with bronze spots,
- the shoots with red-striped internodes,
- the pentagonal or circular, dark green adult leaves, with three or five lobes, a petiole sinus with overalapping edges, short teeth with straight sides, a weak to moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins, a slightly revolute leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect hairs and a medium to high density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 137 223 239 176 186 252 262 243 239
Allel 2 149 236 239 180 188 260 270 257 255
Phenology
Bud burst: 12 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety with a semi-erect to erect bearing is well suited for limestone soils, hillsides terroirs and drought conditions. It can be pruned in gobelet. Given its long growing cycle, it must be planted in sufficiently warm areas.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Morrastel is sensitive to vine leafhoppers and sometimes to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The grape clusters are moderate to large and the berries are small. Morrastel produces tannic, slightly astringent, full-bodied (peppery flavor) and well colored wines. The sugar accumulation potential for this variety remains nevertheless low or moderate.
Clonal selection in France
The three certified Morrastel clones carry the numbers 824, 949 and 950.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France, (under the name "Graciano").
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
824 Haute-Garonne ENTAV 1985 Languedoc Clone not widely distributed.
949 Espagne (Rioja) ENTAV 1990 Domaine de l'Espiguette
Languedoc
0.18 ha medium medium to high medium to high medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
950 Espagne (Rioja) ENTAV 1990 Domaine de l'Espiguette
Languedoc
medium low to medium low to medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety