Montils B
Name of the variety in France
Montils
Origin
This variety is originally from the west of France and base on published genetic analyses, it is probably a descendant of Gouais blanc.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Montils is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine and spirits grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 324 174 10 5 141 160 188
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves,
- the dark green adult leaves, with five lobes, U-shaped lateral sinuses, a closed petiole sinus with slightly overlapping lobes or parallel sides, short teeth compared to their width at the base, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a smooth flat or slightly involute leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 243 178 196 244 238 245 239
Allel 2 149 232 249 182 204 252 248 257 249
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is not very vigorous and should be moderately pruned. Its fairly early budburst exposes it to the risk of spring frosts.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Montils is susceptible to grey rot when the grapes reach maturity. It is however not very sensitive to wood diseases.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are medium in size and the berries are small to medium. Distilling Montils wines produces good quality spirits. Musts obtained from this grape variety can be used to make mistelles.
Clonal selection in France
The three certified Montils clones carry the numbers 984, 985 and 986. A conservatory of almost 130 clones was planted in the French department of Charente in 2004.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
984 Charente-Maritime ENTAV 1992 Charente 0.67 ha low representative wines of the variety
985 Charente-Maritime ENTAV 1992 Charente 0.54 ha not much difference with clone 984
986 Charente-Maritime ENTAV 1992 Charente 0.74 ha not much difference with clone 984