Montepulciano N
Name of the variety in France
Montepulciano is originally from Italy, probably from the Abruzzo area.
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Montepulciano is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" since 2018 on the A list but is not yet classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union : Bulgaria, Greece, Italy and Malta.
Wine grape variety.
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves with bronze spots and a medium to high density of prostate hairs,
- the shoots with red-striped internodes,
- the large, dark green adult leaves, with five or seven lobes, deep U-shaped lateral sinuses, an open or slightly open petiole sinus with often naked petiole veins, medium to long teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides, a weak anthocyanin coloration of veins, a blistered, sometimes slightly goffered, twisted or involute leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the ellipsoid or sometimes round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Allel 1 131 223 249 186 190 252 238 233 257
Allel 2 143 225 249 191 200 252 240 243 271
Bud burst: 12 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Montepulciano is moderately vigorous and has a semi-erect bearing. As its bud burst is late, this variety is not very affected by spring frosts. It is adapted to high summer temperatures and needs a hot climate to reach full maturity. This variety is suited to deep soils and must be pruned short. Montepulciano has a good production potential but can sometimes be susceptible to millerandage.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Montepulciano is susceptible to powdery mildew but it is not very sensitive to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
Montepulciano’s bunches are medium in size and moderately compact. The berries are also medium, simple-flavored, with a moderately thick skin and a juicy pulp. Montepulciano red wines are ample, round ; they have soft tanins, an intense color and fruity aromas. This variety can also be used to produce good quality rosé wines.
Clonal selection in France
There is no certified clone for this variety yet.
Bibliographic references
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Registro nazionale delle varieta di vite. Ministère de l’agriculture italien [web site, visited in 2020].
- Wine Grapes. J. Robinson et al, 2012, Ed. Penguin, England.
- Registre Ampélographique International. 1961-1972, Ed. OIV, France.