Mondeuse N
Name of the variety in France
Mondeuse
Origin
This variety is originally from the Savoie region. Based on genetic analyses carried out in Montpellier, Mondeuse would be the result of a crossbreeding between Mondeuse blanche and Tressot.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Mondeuse is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 1066 930 194 173 237 288 298
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves,
- the pentagonal adult leaves, with three or five lobes, a slightly open or closed petiole sinus, an elongated main lobe, short teeth with straight or convex sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a finely blistered twisted leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 186 194 246 238 216 239
Allel 2 137 229 260 186 194 260 240 216 239
Phenology
Bud burst: same as Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Mondeuse has good vigor and must be pruned short. Mondeuse is however susceptible to chlorosis and to drought. It is well adapted to clay-limestone screes and stony hillsides.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Mondeuse is not very susceptible to grey rot and to phomopsis. However, it is sensitive to mites, powdery and downy mildew.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are medium to large size and the berries are medium in size. Mondeuse produces very characteristic, tannic, colored, fragrant wines that are suited to ageing. This variety's sugar potential is moderate with a good acidity.
Clonal selection in France
The three certified Mondeuse clones carry the numbers 368, 822 and 926. A conservatory of twenty or so clones was planted in the French department of Savoie between 2014 and 2015.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
368 Savoie ENTAV 1978 Domaine de l'Espiguette
Savoie
0.53 ha low to medium low to medium low medium to high medium to high medium to high medium representative wines of the variety steady production. Good aptitude for the production of wines suitable for ageing.
822 Savoie ENTAV 1985 Domaine de l'Espiguette
Savoie
low to medium low to medium low to medium medium low to medium representative wines of the variety
926 Savoie ENTAV 1988 Domaine de l'Espiguette
Savoie
0.36 ha medium to high high high high low to medium medium representative wines of the variety