Meunier N
Name of the variety in France
Meunier
Origin
This variety is a mutation of Pinot, particularly focusing on villosity.
Synonyms
In the European Union, Meunier is officially called by other names: Mlynarka (Czech Republic), Müllerrebe (Germany), Pinot Meunier (Belgium, Czech Republic, Spain) and Schwarzriesling (Austria). These synonyms are officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Meunier is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Germany, Italy, Netherlands and Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 5603 7739 10572 11115 10961 10737 12054
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a very high density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves,
- the shoots with red-striped or red internodes and a medium to high density of prostate hairs,
- the circular adult leaves, with five lobes, deep lateral sinuses with often a tooth inside, a slightly open petiole sinus, a moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins, on the upper side of the leaf blade, a low to medium density of prostate hairs, and the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped or broad ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 126 225 239 182 188 240 238 216 239
Allel 2 135 236 243 186 194 246 248 235 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 3 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early-season, half a week after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is rather productive and is resistant to winter frosts. Its fruitfulness is also fairly good following a spring frost. Meunier has a tendency to grow many off shoots and suckers. This variety is well suited for limestone terroirs and is not very sensitive to chlorosis.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Meunier is not very sensitive to phomopsis, powdery mildew and downy mildew. On the other hand, it is susceptible to grape moths and grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are small and the berries very small. This variety is used especially for the production of sparkling wines. It maked moderately acidic wines which evolve quickly.
Clonal selection in France
The fourteen certified Meunier clones carry the numbers 458, 791, 817, 818, 864, 865, 900, 901, 916, 924, 925, 977, 978 and 983. A conservatory of almost 30 clones was planted in Alsace in 1984. An other conservatory of 94 clones has been planted in the wine-growing region of Champagne since 1995.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
458 Marne ENTAV 1975 Champagne low to medium irregular low high typical base wines frequent reverse mutations that can lead to the disappearance of the "meunier" nature
791 Marne ENTAV 1984 Champagne 1.05 ha high high high medium low suitable for the production of base wines earlier clone with more divided leaves
817 Marne ENTAV 1985 Champagne 1.75 ha medium medium medium high medium suitable for the production of base wines earlier clone
818 Marne ENTAV 1985 Champagne 1.26 ha medium medium to high high medium to high medium suitable for the production of base wines earlier clone
864 Marne ENTAV 1985 Champagne 0.63 ha medium medium medium medium suitable for the production of base wines
865 Marne ENTAV 1986 Champagne 1.70 ha high medium low high suitable for the production of base wines
900 Aisne ENTAV 1987 Champagne 1.58 ha medium medium medium medium to high high suitable for the production of base wines possible reverse mutations that could lead to the disappearance of the "meunier" nature
901 Loiret INRA 1987 Loire-Valley medium high for the production of rosé wines
916 Loiret INRA 1987 Loire-Valley medium high for the production of rosé wines
924 Marne ENTAV 1988 Champagne 2.40 ha medium medium medium medium medium to high high suitable for the production of base wines
925 Aube INRA 1988 Loire-Valley 0.65 ha medium high high low suitable for the production of base wines
977 Marne ENTAV 1991 Champagne 0.89 ha high medium low high high suitable for the production of base wines later maturity clone
978 Marne ENTAV 1991 Champagne 0.88 ha medium medium to high medium medium suitable for the production of base wines
983 Marne ENTAV 1992 Champagne 0.16 ha high high high low suitable for the production of base wines possible reverse mutations that could lead to the disappearance of the "meunier" nature