Melon B
Name of the variety in France
Melon
Origin
This variety is originally from the Bourgogne Franche-Comté region and, based on published genetic analyses, would result from the crossbreeding of Pinot and Gouais blanc.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Melon is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogue of Bulgaria.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 8516 9517 9482 11346 12988 12844 8605
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the shoots with green or with slightly red-striped internodes,
- the circular entire adult leaves, with a slightly open or closed petiole sinus, teeth with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a blistered revolute leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 135 236 239 178 194 240 238 227 239
Allel 2 141 238 249 182 204 244 254 235 249
Phenology
Bud burst: 2 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety, with a semi-erect bearing, has not very fertile buds at the base. It must be pruned moderately long or possibly short. Melon is well adapted to clay-siliceous terroirs and to fairly cool regions.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Melon is fairly sensitive to downy mildew and very sensitive to grey rot. On the other hand, it is not very susceptible to powdery mildew and eutypa dieback.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are small to medium in size with small berries. Melon produces balanced, fresh, light, pleasant with discreet aromas wines. White wines produced are well suited to ageing on lees.
Clonal selection in France
The twelve certified Melon clones carry the numbers 177, 227, 228, 229, 230, 231, 232, 441, 442, 443, 1057 and 1120. A conservatory of almost 300 was planted in 1993 in the wine-growing region of Nantes.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
177 Loire-Atlantique ENTAV 1972 Loire-Atlantique 3.36 ha medium medium medium low fine and balanced wines but with limited storage capacity clone more susceptible to drought
227 Loire-Atlantique ENTAV 1973 Loire-Atlantique 0.43 ha medium medium medium medium fine and balanced wines
228 Loire-Atlantique ENTAV 1973 Loire-Atlantique 0.35 ha medium medium medium medium fine and balanced wines
229 Loire-Atlantique ENTAV 1973 Loire-Atlantique 1.12 ha medium medium medium medium fine and balanced wines
230 Loire-Atlantique ENTAV 1973 Loire-Atlantique 2.82 ha medium medium medium medium fine and balanced wines
231 Loire-Atlantique ENTAV 1973 Loire-Atlantique 1.66 ha medium medium medium medium fine and balanced wines
232 Loire-Atlantique ENTAV 1973 Loire-Atlantique 1.51 ha medium medium medium medium fine and balanced wines
441 Loire-Atlantique ENTAV 1976 Loire-Atlantique 0.43 ha medium medium medium medium fine and balanced wines
442 Loire-Atlantique ENTAV 1976 Loire-Atlantique 1.15 ha medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
443 Loire-Atlantique ENTAV 1976 Loire-Atlantique 2.45 ha medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
1057 Loire-Atlantique ATAV Val-de-Loire - ENTAV 2000 Loire-Atlantique 0.31 ha low medium medium to high fine and balanced wines
1120 Loire-Atlantique IFV 2008 Loire-Valley medium low low low medium medium medium high aromatic wines with fruity and floral notes but little mineral character. These wines are also appreciated for their volume and their long finish clone appreciated for its moderate level of production and its organoleptic qualities