Mayorquin B
Name of the variety in France
Mayorquin
Origin
This variety could originally be from North Africa where it is called Farana.
Synonyms
In the European Union, Mayorquin is officially called by other names: Alicante banco (Portugal), Damaschino (Italy) and Planta fina de Pedralba (Spain). These synonyms are officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Mayorquin is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogue of other Member States of the European Union : Italy, Portugal and Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1979 1988 2018
ha 1 4 ND
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a very high density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves,
- the shoots with a flattened or fasciated internode cross section,
- the large light green adult leaves, with five lobes, a slightly open petiole sinus or with slightly overlapping lobes, with often a tooth on the edge, medium teeth with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, colored petioles, a smooth shiny involute leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped or ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 141 225 239 176 186 252 240 247 249
Allel 2 143 238 243 191 188 258 254 257 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 6 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Mayorquin is very vigorous, fertile and productive and must be pruned short. Mayorquin is well adapted to dry, sandy or clay soils.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Mayorquin is especially susceptible to downy mildew. It is not very sensitive to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and berries are very large. Mayorquin produces ordinary, neutral and average wines.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Mayorquin clone carries the number 1119.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1119 Hérault IFV 2008 representative wines of the variety