Mavrud N
Name of the variety in France
Mavrud
Origin
This variety is originally from Bulgaria.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Mavrud is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" since 2015 on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
2018
ha 0
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the white tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the young leaves with bronze spots with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the shoots with red ou red-striped internodes,
- the dark green adult leaves, with five lobes, an open U- or lyre-shaped petiole sinus, long teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides or with one side concave and one side convex, a moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins starting from the petiole sinus, a long and pigmented petiole, a flat or slightly twisted leaf blade, slightly goffered, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped or slightly ovoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 229 239 176 188 238 238 257 255
Allel 2 143 238 249 178 194 244 240 259 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 3 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Mavrud is a rustic, vigorous, fertile and productive variety, with an erect or semi-erect bearing. It is best to prune it short, to avoir the leaves and bunches accumulation. Mavrud is sometimes susceptible to winter frosts. It can also be sensitive to millerandage.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Mavrud is a little sensitive to powdery and downy mildew. However, it is quite tolerant to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
Mavrud's bunches are medium in size and compact. The berries also are medium in size, simple-flavored, with a thick skin and an juicy pulp. If the yields are manages, Mavrud gives structured, tannic and colored quality wines that are suited to barrel ageing, with quite complex aromas, particularly plum aromas. Mavrud wines are sensitive to oxidation. This variety can also be used for the production of rosé wines.
Clonal selection in France
There is no certified clone for this variety yet.
Bibliographic references
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Wine Grapes. J. Robinson et al., 2012, Ed. Penguin, England.