Mauzac B
Name of the variety in France
Mauzac
Origin
This variety would appear to origianlly be from the Gaillac region (Tarn).
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Mauzac is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine and spirits grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 8511 9167 6422 5709 3534 2585 1629
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a very high density of prostate hairs,
- the white or yellow young leaves,
- the shoots with green internodes,
- the circular or cordate adult leaves, entire or with three lobes, a petiole sinus with overlapping lobes, short or medium teeth with convex sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a matte slightly hammered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped or broad ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 227 239 182 188 252 248 227 239
Allel 2 149 229 249 188 200 252 248 233 239
Phenology
Bud burst: 7 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Mauzac displays moderate vigor, is rather productive and must be pruned short. Grape clusters have short peduncles. This variety produces good results in clay-limestone or limestone soils.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Mauzac is sensitive to mites (particularly to acariosis), grape moths, phomopsis, eutypa dieback and grey rot. It is however not very susceptible to powdery and downy mildew.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and berries are medium in size. Mauzac produces sparkinlg, sweet or dry white wines. At full maturity, the alcohol level is fairly high and the berries can be further enriched by over-ripening. Acidity, on the other hand, drops quickly. The wines sometimes lack freshness (sensitivity to oxidation) and can have some bitterness. The dominant aromas are, in general, apple and sometimes pear.
Clonal selection in France
The seven certified Mauzac clones carry the numbers 575, 738, 739, 740, 741, 898 and 899. Two conservatories of almost 200 clones were planted in the wine-growing regions of Gailllac (French department of Tarn) in 1998 and Limoux (French department of Aude) in 2009.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
575 Tarn ENTAV 1978 Tarn 0.41 ha medium to high low to medium low high medium low representative wines of the variety small compact bunches
738 Aude INRA 1981 Aude
Tarn
0.19 ha low to medium medium to high high low medium medium to high representative wines of the variety large, aerated bunches. Clone suitable for the production of sparkling wines.
739 Aude INRA 1981 Aude
Tarn
0.57 ha low to medium medium to high high low to medium medium medium to high representative wines of the variety large, aerated bunches. Clone suitable for the production of sparkling wines.
740 Aude INRA 1981 Aude
Tarn
0.35 ha low to medium medium to high high low to medium medium medium to high representative wines of the variety large, aerated bunches. Clone suitable for the production of sparkling wines.
741 Aude INRA 1981 Aude
Tarn
0.46 ha low to medium medium to high high low to medium medium medium to high representative wines of the variety large, aerated bunches. Clone suitable for the production of sparkling wines.
898 Tarn ENTAV 1987 Tarn 0.46 ha medium to high low to medium low medium to high medium low to medium representative wines of the variety small compact bunches
899 Tarn ENTAV 1987 Tarn 0.47 ha medium to high low to medium low medium to high medium low to medium representative wines of the variety small compact bunches