Marselan N
Name of the variety in France
Marselan
Origin
This variety was obtained by INRA in 1961 and was the result of crossbreeding Cabernet-Sauvignon and Grenache.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Marselan is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogue of Bulgaria, Croatia, Italie, Portugal and Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
2000 2008 2018
ha 468 1356 5922
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a low density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves with bronze spots,
- the shoots with green internodes,
- the circular, shiny, dark green adult leaves, with five, seven or nine lobes, a slightly open U-shaped petiole sinus or with slightly overlapping lobes, short or medium teeth with convex or straight sides, no or a weak anthocyanin coloration of veins, a smooth twisted leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, no prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped or broad ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 137 223 239 186 188 248 238 233 239
Allel 2 143 229 243 191 194 258 240 243 239
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Marselan it quite fertile and can be pruned short such as cordon. It is better if this variety is trained with sufficient trellising due to the presence of fairly long shoots and if it is not planted in soils that are too superficial. Grafting this variety onto 140 Ru should be avoided.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Marselan is very little susceptible to grey rot and is not very sensitive to powdery mildew and mites. It is also susceptible to phylloxeric galls and downy mildew on the young leaves.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are large while the berries are very small with a significant bloom. Thus, juice yield is subsequently limited (approximately 160 kg/hL). Marselan produces colored, typical and good quality wines. They are aromatic, full-bodied with a very interesting structure (supple tannins with no bitterness). Thanks to it, the wines are suitable for ageing.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Marselan clone carries the number 980.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
980 INRA 1991 Languedoc
Provence
17.22 ha