Marsanne B
Name of the variety in France
Marsanne
Origin
This variety is originally from the Northern Côtes du Rhône region.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Marsanne is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine vareties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria, Cyprus and Italy.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 277 268 235 406 1121 1266 1732
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the green or yellow young leaves,
- the shoots with green internodes,
- the large adult leaves, with three or five lobes, a petiole sinus with very overlapping lobes, very short teeth compared to their width at the base with convex sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a matte, goffered, strongly blistered and twisted leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries, golden or reddish when ripe.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 186 196 246 240 233 239
Allel 2 131 229 253 188 200 252 248 257 251
Phenology
Bud burst: 9 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity:mid-season, 2 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is vigorous, fertile and productive. It must be pruned short and reserved, preferably, for not very fertile and stony terroirs. Marsanne produces long shoots which require careful and sufficient training. This variety is rather rustic, with a short cycle, a late budburst and is well adapted to cool climatic areas.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Marsanne is sensitive to powdery mildew, mites and grey rot.
Technological potentiality
Marsanne's bunches are large but the berries are small. Marsanne produces sparkling or dry white wines, rather elegant, moderately or not very acidic with fine aromas and sometimes presenting a light harshness or bitterness on the finish. A badly managed production may adversely affect the wine quality.
Clonal selection in France
The three certified Marsanne clones carry the numbers 574, 1036 and 1083. A conservatory of almost 250 clones was planted in 2001 in the Côtes du Rhône region.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
574 Non précisée ENTAV 1978 Rhône-Valley 4.11 ha high high medium to high medium low to medium representative wines of the variety
1036 Drôme CA 07 - ENTAV 2004 Rhône-Valley low to medium medium medium medium medium balanced wines with good volume on the palate intermediate production level. Clone appreciated in tasting
1083 Ardèche CA 07 - ENTAV 2004 Rhône-Valley medium low to medium low to medium medium medium to high aromatic and well-balanced wines with good volume on the palate low production level. Clone appreciated in tasting