Maréchal Foch N
Name of the variety in France
Maréchal Foch
Origin
Maréchal Foch is an interspecific hybrid obtained by Eugène Kuhlmann in 1911.
Synonyms
In France, this variety can officially be called "188-2 Khulmann" regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Maréchal Foch is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogue of the Netherlands.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1998 2008 2018
ha 105 141 19 14 9.5
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a low density of prostate hairs,
- the slightly bronzed young leaves,
- the circular or wedge-shaped adult leaves, entire or with three lobes, with an open U-shaped petiole sinus, medium teeth with convex sides, a weak to moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins, a blistered, undulate and revolute leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 122 225 239 186 180 246 236 227 249
Allel 2 141 261 255 204 196 256 254 237 249
Phenology
Bud burst: 9 days before Chasselas.
Grape maturity: very early season, 2 weeks before Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Maréchal Foch is very vigorous, with a horizontal bearing and must be pruned long.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Maréchal Foch is moderately resistant to downy mildew.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and berries are small. This variety has a good sugar potential. Maréchal Foch produces tannic, colored wines, of average quality, with diglucoside anthocyanins. Sometimes, the wines can have a herbaceous flavor.
Clonal selection in France
There is no certified clone for this variety yet.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 1. P. Galet, 1988, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier, France.