Madeleine royale B
Name of the variety in France
Madeleine royale
This table grape variety was obtained by Moreau-Robert in 1845 in the Loire Valley region. Based on genetic analyses carried out in Montpellier, Madeleine royale would be the result of the crossbreeding between Frankenthal and Pinot.
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Madeleine royale is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list.
Table grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
ha 1.9
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves,
- the circular adult leaves, with five lobes, moderately deep lateral sinuses, a U-shaped petiole sinus with overlapping lobes, small short teeth with straight or convex sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a strongly blistered, twisted, sometimes goffered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped or broad ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Allel 1 149 225 243 178 188 246 240 216 251
Allel 2 153 234 247 186 194 260 248 243 271
Bud burst: same as Chasselas.
Grape maturity: very early season, 1 week and a half before Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Madeleine royale is moderately vigorous, with a semi-erect bearing and can be pruned short.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Madeleine royale is very susceptible to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are medium in size and compact. The berries are also medium in size, simple-flavored, with a thin skin and a juicy pulp. This variety has a bad storage and transport capacity.
Clonal selection in France
There is no certified clone for this variety yet.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.