Müller-Thurgau B
Name of the variety in France
Müller-Thurgau
Origin
Based on published genetic analyses, this variety was obtained in 1882 by Hermann Müller in Germany and would be the result of the crossbreeding between Riesling and Madeleine royale.
Synonyms
In the European Union, Müller-Thurgau is officially called by other names: Rivaner (Belgium, Luxemburg), Rizlingszilváni (Hungary), Rizvanac (Croatie) and Rizvanec (Slovenia). These synonyms are officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Müller-Thurgau is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Portugal, Slovakia and Slovenia.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 57 59 60 12 4 5 20
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the medium circular adult leaves, with five lobes, U-shaped deep lateral sinuses, a slightly open or closed petiole sinus, with often nakes petiole veins, teeth with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a twisted, slightly goffered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect hairs,
- the ellipsoid berries, simple or slightly aromatic flavored.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 141 223 247 178 194 244 248 233 251
Allel 2 149 225 257 178 194 246 254 243 251
Phenology
Bud burst: 1 day after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early-season, 1 week after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Müller-Thurgau is rather vigorous and is sensitive to chlorosis. It is preferable to plant this variety in sufficiently rich soil. Its very short cycle makes this variety well suited for northern or mountain areas, cold and limit from a climatic point of view. However, its resistance to winter cold is moderate.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Müller-Thurgau is sensitive to downy mildew and grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and berries are small or small to medium in size. Müller-Thurgau can produce aromatic, not very acidic and sometimes heavy wines with fairly high alcoholic degree and can sometimes lack finesse.
Clonal selection in France
The seven certified Müller-Thurgau clones carry the numbers 644, 645, 646, 647, 648, 649 and 650.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
644 Non précisée INRA 1980 Alsace medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
645 Non précisée INRA 1980 Alsace medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
646 Non précisée INRA 1980 Alsace medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
647 Non précisée INRA 1980 Alsace medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
648 Non précisée INRA 1980 Alsace medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
649 Non précisée INRA 1980 Alsace medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
650 Non précisée INRA 1980 Alsace medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety