Mècle N
Name of the variety in France
Mècle
Origin
This variety is originally from the Isère region.
Synonyms
In France, this variety can officially be called "Mescle" regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Mècle is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 2018
ha 18 18 0.5
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves,
- the circular adult leaves, with five or seven lobes, a slighty open U-shaped petiole sinus, small to medium teeth, short compared to their width at the base with convex sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a flat or slightly revolute leaf blade, slightly curly on the edges, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of prostate hairs,
- the ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 186 188 246 240 233 261
Allel 2 149 229 247 188 194 252 248 235 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 2 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Mècle is fairly vigorous and can be pruned long. Shoots have a semi-erect bearing.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Mècle is susceptible to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
Mècle's bunches are small to medium in size and the berries are medium. This variety produces tannic, well structured, and colored wines. The sugar accumulation potential of this variety is average.
Clonal selection in France
There is no certified clone for this variety yet.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France, (under the name "Mècle de Bourgoin").
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.