Lival N
Name of the variety in France
Lival
Origin
This variety was obtained in 1956 by INRA by crossbreeding Alphonse Lavallée and Lignan.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Lival is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list. It is classified as a wine grape variety only in some French department (see the regulations in force). This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria and Portugal.
Use
Wine and table grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 3 89 173 123 54
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves with bronze spots,
- the shoots with a strong anthocyanin coloration of nodes and internodes,
- the circular or wedge-shaped dark green adult leaves, with seven lobes or more, deep round-shaped lateral sinuses, a slightly open U-shaped petiole sinus with often naked petiole veins, medium teeth with straight sides or with one side convex and one side concave, a strong anthocyanin coloration of veins, a moderately blistered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect hairs on veins and a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped or broad ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 247 182 192 252 238 233 261
Allel 2 153 234 255 182 204 252 248 243 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 8 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early-season, same as Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Lival has strong vigor with a horizontal bearing. It must be trained and pruned long. This variety is not very susceptible to millerandage and berries bursting.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Lival is susceptible to phomopsis, powdery mildew, downy mildew and mites, but is not very affected by grey rot.
Technological potentiality
Lival's bunches are medium to large in size, moderately compact with a moderately long peduncle which is not very lignified. The berries also are medium to large in size with a homegeneous color. The skin is moderately thick, the pulp is averagely firm and very juicy with a simple flavor. Lival has a good storage and transport capacity.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Lival clone carries the number 501.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
501 INRA 1976 Languedoc