Listan B
Name of the variety in France
Listan
Origin
This variety is of Spanish origin (Andalusia).
Synonyms
In the European Union, Listan is officially called by other names: Listan blanc (Cyprus), Listan blanco (Spain), Malvasia Rei (Portugal) and Palomino fino (Spain). These synonyms are officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Listan is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Cyprus, Portugal and Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 1252 1269 899 770 530 228 31
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a very high density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves with bronze spots,
- the shoots with red internodes,
- the large adult leaves, with five lobes, deep lateral sinuses, an open petiole sinus, medium teeth with convex sides, a moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins, a blistered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a high density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped or obloid berries, with a dark hilum.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 225 239 182 188 252 240 235 255
Allel 2 143 238 249 191 194 258 240 247 257
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Listan is vigorous, very productive, susceptible to browning and must be pruned short.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
This variety is a little susceptible to powdery mildew and grey rot.
Technological potentiality
Listan's bunches are very large and the berries are medium to large in size. Listan has a low sugar potential and the acidity drops quickly and sharply at maturity. Wines produced are neutral and sensitive to oxidation.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Listan clone carries the number 367.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
367 Gers ENTAV 1975 Languedoc Clone consistent with the characteristics of the variety.