Lauzet B
Name of the variety in France
Lauzet
Origin
This variety is native to the Pyrenees region vineyards.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Lauzet is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 19 1 2 1 1 5.4
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the small to medium adult leaves, with five or seven lobes, open very deep U-shaped lateral sinuses, a slightly open or closed petiole sinus, with sometimes naked petiole veins, short teeth compared to their width at the base, a moderate to strong anthocyanin coloration of veins, a slightly revolute leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium to high density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 227 239 186 188 252 248 233 255
Allel 2 153 236 257 188 204 252 266 257 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Lauzet is fairly vigorous and is generally pruned long.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
This variety is a little susceptible to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are small and the berries are very small. Lauzet has an intersting quality potential. This variety can be used to produce dry wines that are rich in alcohol while maintaining a good acidity with fruity and spicy aromas.
Clonal selection in France
The three certified Lauzet clones carry the numbers 732, 862 and 896. A conservatory of ten or so clones was planted in the wine-growing region of Jurançon (French department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques).
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
732 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1981 Sud-Ouest Little difference between the three clones of Lauzet. They are not widely distributed. Only the clone 862 has a higher sugar content and is less susceptible to grey rot. They all produce wines of good typicity.
862 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1986 Sud-Ouest Little difference between the three clones of Lauzet. They are not widely distributed. Only the clone 862 has a higher sugar content and is less susceptible to grey rot. They all produce wines of good typicity.
896 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1987 Sud-Ouest Little difference between the three clones of Lauzet. They are not widely distributed. Only the clone 862 has a higher sugar content and is less susceptible to grey rot. They all produce wines of good typicity.