Léon Millot N
Name of the variety in France
Léon Millot
Origin
Léon Millot (an interspecific hybrid) is the result of the crossbreeding between a 101-14 MGt rootstock seedling and Goldriesling.
Synonyms
In France, this variety can officially be called "194-2 Kuhlmann" regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Léon Millot is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Denmark, Netherlands and Sweden.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 2000 2008 2018
ha 271 215 123 97 64
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves,
- the circular or wedge-shaped entire adult leaves, with a slightly open U-shaped petiole sinus, medium teeth with convex sides, an involute slightly goffered leaf blade near the petiole sinus, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect hairs on veins,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 122 223 239 178 180 246 238 214 271
Allel 2 149 263 255 183 194 256 254 227 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 1 day before Chasselas.
Grape maturity: very early season, 1 week and a half before Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Léon Millot is vigorous with a horizontal bearing and must be pruned long.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Léon Millot resists well against downy mildew but is slighlty susceptible to powdery mildew.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are small to medium in size, not very compact and the berries are also small to medium in size. The sugar accumulation potential is good. Léon Millot produces acceptable quality wines, with diglucoside anthocyanins.
Clonal selection in France
There is no certified clone for this variety yet.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 1. P. Galet, 1988, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier, France.