Italia B
Name of the variety in France
Italia
Origin
Italia or 65 Pirovano was obtained in 1911 by Angelo Pirovano by crossbreeding Bicane with Muscat de Hambourg.
Synonyms
In Croatia, Italia is officially designated as "Muskat italija". This synonym is officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Italia is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Italy, Portugal and Spain.
Use
Table grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 874 858 665 492 161 152 59
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow and shiny young leaves,
- the circular adult leaves, with five lobes, an open, slightly open or closed U-shaped petiole sinus, large teeth with convex sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a slightly blistered leaf blade, involute, curly on the edges, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the elliptsoid berries with a slightly muscat or a simple flavor.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 229 243 176 192 256 238 233 251
Allel 2 147 236 247 191 204 258 248 243 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Italia has very strong vigor and a semi-erect bearing. This variety must be trained and pruned long.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Italia is sensitive to downy mildew and grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are very large, conical-shaped, moderately compact with large to very large berries. The skins are moderately thick with a firm and juicy pulp and the berries have a pleasant flavor. Italia has a good storage and transport capacity.
Clonal selection in France
The four certified Italia clones carry the numbers 307, 784, 858 and 918.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Registro nazionale delle varieta di vite. Ministère de l’agriculture italien [web site, visited in 2020].
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
307 Non précisée ENTAV 1973 Clone not widely distributed, few references available.
784 Non précisée INRA 1982 Clone not widely distributed, few references available.
858 Vaucluse ENTAV 1986 Clone not widely distributed, few references available.
918 Vaucluse ENTAV 1988 Clone not widely distributed, few references available.