Hibou noir N
Name of the variety in France
Hibou noir
Origin
Hibou noir is originally from the French department of Savoie. It does not correspond to the black version of Hibou blanc. This variety would be related to Cacaboué, Freisa and Rèze.
Synonyms
In Italy, Hibou noir is officially designated as "Avanà". This synonym is officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Hibou noir is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" since 2016 on the A list but is not yet classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogue of Italy.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
2018
ha 0
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the white tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs and a piping distribution of anthocyanin coloration,
- the green yellow young leaves with a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the shoots that are sometimes fasciated, with green or slightly red-striped internodes,
- the circular, sometimes a litte bit wide, adult leaves, entire or with three or five lobes, with an open petiole sinus, a weak anthocyanin coloration of veins, erect hairs on the petiole, a revolute, slightly blistered, sometimes slightly goffered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low to medium density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped or slightly ovoid berries that can remain a little red when fully ripe.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 247 182 194 240 238 243 261
Allel 2 153 223 247 182 194 244 256 243 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 1 day after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Hibou noir is vigorous and productive but it can produce irregular yields. This variety has a semi-erect bearing. The average rank of the first inflorescence on the shoot is usually fairly high.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Hibou noir is rather rustic, it is not very sensitive to cryptogamic diseases. It is however susceptible to bud mite disease.
Technological potentiality
Hibou noir’s bunches are medium to large and very compact. The berries are also medium to large, simple-flavored, with a moderately thick skin and a juicy pulp. Hibou noir produces not very alcoholic, not very colored wines with fruity (raspberries) aromas that must be consumed quickly.
Clonal selection in France
There is no certified clone for this variety yet.
Bibliographic references
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
- Registro nazionale delle varieta di vite. Ministère de l’agriculture italien, under the name "Avána", [web site, visited in 2020].
- Wine Grapes. J. Robinson et al, 2012, Ed Penguin, England.
- Le vignoble. A. Mas and V. Pulliat, 1874-1879, Ed.Masson, Paris, France.
- Les vignobles du Jura et de Franche-Comté. C. Rouget, 1897, France.