Gros Manseng B
Name of the variety in France
Gros Manseng
Origin
This variety is originally from the Pyrenees vineyards.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Gros Manseng is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria and Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 51 59 584 1051 2022 2834 3818
From 1958 to 1988, surfaces include Gros and Petit Manseng.
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the green or yellow young leaves,
- the shoots with green internodes,
- the circular, entire adult leaves, with a petiole sinus with slightly overlapping lobes, short teeth with convex sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a slighlty goffered leaf blade, involute and slightly curly on the edges, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low to medium density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 137 229 239 186 194 252 238 227 239
Allel 2 149 236 257 186 194 252 248 233 239
Phenology
Bud burst: same as Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This vigorous variety is rather fertile. Generally pruned long, Gros Manseng can also be pruned short.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Gros Manseng is sensitive to powdery mildew. It has a good resistance to grey rot and grapes conserve well on the vine trunk to obtain sweet wines.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are medium in size while the berries are very small. This variety has a good sugar accumualation potential while maintaining high acidity. It can produce high quality dry and sweet wines.
Clonal selection in France
The eight certified Gros Manseng clones carry the numbers 397, 439, 572, 634, 661, 662, 731 and 764. More than 200 clones have been planted in two conservatories: one in the French department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (Jurançon) in 1996, and the other in the French department of Gers in 1997.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
397 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV - INRA 1975 Sud-Ouest 2.69 ha medium medium medium medium medium medium medium to high representative wines of the variety later maturity clone
439 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV - INRA 1976 Sud-Ouest 1.95 ha low to medium low to medium low to medium medium medium medium low to medium representative wines of the variety clone appreciated for its lower than average production quantity
572 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1978 Sud-Ouest 1.27 ha medium medium medium medium medium medium medium fine wines of good typicity
634 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1979 Sud-Ouest 1.18 ha medium medium medium medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
661 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1980 Sud-Ouest 1.69 ha medium medium medium medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety more erect bearing
662 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1980 Sud-Ouest 0.20 ha medium low to medium low to medium low to medium low to medium medium low to medium fine wines of good typicity earlier clone
731 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1981 Sud-Ouest 1.40 ha medium medium medium medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
764 Pyrénées-Atlantiques INRA 1981 Sud-Ouest medium medium medium medium medium medium medium to high representative wines of the variety