Gringet B
Name of the variety in France
Gringet
Origin
This variety is native from the Haute-Savoie region (Arve valley) and specific to the area.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Gringet is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 9 11 25 30 26 22
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the green young leaves,
- the circular adult leaves, entire or with three lobes, with a slightly open or closed petiole sinus, short to medium teeth with straight or convex sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a flat leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 225 247 176 194 252 240 233 251
Allel 2 149 234 257 186 196 260 248 263 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 9 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is moderately productive with a drooping bearing. It must therfore be trained and managed by short pruning or simple Guyot pruning. Gringet produces good results on scree slopes.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Gringet is susceptible to bud mite disease, powdery mildew and is very sensitive to downy mildew.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are large and the berries are small. This variety is more often used to produce sparkling wines (sparkling or semi-sparkling wines). Gringet wines are light, lively with floral notes.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Gringet clone carries the number 947. A conservatory of 15 or so clones was planted in 1999 in the wine-growing region of Savoie.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
947 Haute-Savoie ENTAV 1990 Savoie
Rhône-Valley
0.20 ha medium to high medium medium low low to medium high medium medium to high suitable for the production of sparkling wines it can also be used for the production of still wines if it is sufficiently ripe