Grenache gris G
Name of the variety in France
Grenache gris
Origin
This variety corresponds to the grey mutation of Grenache.
Synonyms
In Spain, Grenache gris is officially designated as "Garnache Roja". This synonym is officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Grenache gris is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogue of Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 8652 9362 16286 12083 2926 1683 1754
From 1958 to 1988, Grenache blanc and gris.
Descriptive elements
The identification is similar to that of Grenache, except for the skin color of the berries when ripe, which is grey in this case.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 135 223 239 191 188 258 240 243 239
Allel 2 143 238 243 191 188 258 254 243 249
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
The aptitudes are close to those of other types of Grenache, but this variety would appear to be a little more productive than Grenache blanc.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
The susceptibilities and tolerances and Grenache gris seem identical to those of Grenache blanc, but with a greater sensitivity to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and berries are small to medium in size. Grenache gris is especially used to produce sweet wines and grey wines, "vins gris" (in the sands of the Mediterranean coast).
Clonal selection in France
The three certified Grenache gris clones carry the numbers 147, 148 and 150. Surveys have recently been carried out in the wine-growing region of Banyuls (French department of Pyrénées-Orientales).
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
147 Aude INRA 1972 Languedoc 0.13 ha low low to medium medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
148 Aude INRA 1972 Languedoc
Rhône-Valley
0.60 ha medium medium medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
150 Aude INRA 1972 Languedoc
Rhône-Valley
0.30 ha medium medium low to medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety clone carrying the leafroll associated virus 2