Gramon N
Name of the variety in France
Gramon
Origin
This variety was obtained in 1958 by INRA by crossbreeding Grenache and Aramon.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Gramon is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 18 18 5 2.8
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves with bronze spots,
- the circular adult leaves, entire or with three lobes, with a slightly open petiole sinus, short teeth with straight sides, a revolute slightly goffered leaf blade, undulate between the veins, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 232 243 191 188 258 240 227 239
Allel 2 143 238 243 191 188 258 240 243 249
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Gramon has an erect bearing. It is sufficiently fertile to be pruned short and trained in gobelet. It sometimes displays a certain susceptibiity to millerandage.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Gramon resists well against grey rot but is susceptible to mites.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are large and berries are medium in size. Gramon has a good sugar accumulation potential and produces generous wines which are not very tannic but are moderately colored.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Gramon clone carries the number 535.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
535 INRA 1976 Languedoc