Graisse B
Name of the variety in France
Graisse
Origin
This variety is found in the south west of France. Based on published genetic analyses, Graisse is probably a descendant of Gouais blanc.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Graisse is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine and spirits grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 2722 2248 420 72 25 19 17
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the green or yellow young leaves,
- the dark green adult leaves, entire or with five lobes, with a slightly open petiole sinus, medium to long teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration, a twisted, blistered and goffered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium to high density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 141 223 239 176 188 244 254 233 239
Allel 2 149 232 249 176 204 252 262 245 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 6 days after Chasselas.
Bud burst: late-season, 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Graisse is productive with an erect bearing and may be pruned short. It tends to produce many off shoots and suckers.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Graisse is a little susceptible to powdery mildew.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are medium in size and compact and the berries are medium to large. Graisse has a low sugar accumulation potential. It produces neutral and acidic wines.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Graisse clone carries the number 1134.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1134 Gers IFV 2009 representative wines of the variety