Gibert N
New
Name of the variety in France
Gibert
Origin
Gibert seems to come from the French department Lot. Based on recent genetic analyses carried out in Montpellier, it would result from the crossbreeding of Cot and Colombaud.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Gibert is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" since 2018 on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
2018
ha 0.1
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the white tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the white then yellow young leaves, with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the shoots with red-striped internodes,
- the medium to large adult leaves, with five or seven lobes, a closed or with overlapping lobes petiole sinus, medium length teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides, no or a very weak anthocyanin coloration, a flat, finely blistered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of prostate hairs,
- the slightly ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 243 182 238 233 239
Allel 2 131 225 262 188 266 257 239
Phenology
Bud burst: 9 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks to 4 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Gibert is a vigorous and very productive variety, with a semi-erect bearing. As its bud burst is rather late, this variety is not very affected by spring frosts.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Gibert is not very susceptible to downy mildew.
Technological potentiality
Gibert's bunches are medium to large in size and compact. The berries are medium to large, with a simple flavor, a moderately thick skin and a juicy pulp. This variety can be vinified as red or rosé wines. Gibert wines are easy to drink, fresh, ligh, with floral aromas, low alcohol degree and low anthocyanins. They are not suitable for ageing.
Clonal selection in France
There is no certified clone for this variety yet. A conservatory of 5 clones was planted in 2012 at the Departmental Farm of Anglars-Juillac in the French department of Lot.
Bibliographic references
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Registre Ampélographique International. 1961-1972, Ed. OIV, France.
- Synonymie ampélographique de l’Ouest viticole français. Artozoul et al., 1960, Ed. INRA, France.