Gewurztraminer Rs
Name of the variety in France
Gewurztraminer
Origin
This variety corresponds to the pink and aromatic mutation of Savagnin blanc.
Synonyms
In the European Union, Gewurztraminer is officially called by other names: Diseci traminec (Slovenia), Roter Traminer (Germany), Traminac (Croatia), Traminer (Austria), Tramin cerveny (Czech Republic, Slovakia), Traminer aromatico (Italy) and Traminer roz (Romania). These synonyms are officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Gewurztraminer is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherands, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 1470 1972 2430 2590 2607 2920 3501
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a very high density of prostate hairs,
- the small adult leaves, with three lobes, a slightly open or with overlapping lobes petiole sinus, short to medium teeth compared to their width at the base with convex sides, a low to moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins, a blistered, slightly goffered leaf blade, twisted or revolute on the edges, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries with a pink (purplish) skin when ripe.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 149 229 243 186 188 246 248 233 239
Allel 2 149 236 257 186 194 252 248 235 271
Phenology
Bud burst: same as Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early-season, 1 week and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is of fairly high vigor, not very productive and sensitive to coulure. It must be pruned long. Gewurztraminer is rather demanding regarding terroir (preferably marly), and is sensitive to chlorosis. It is also sensitive to dessication of the stems. This relatively early variety is sometimes affected by spring frosts but resists well against winter frost.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Gewurztraminer is a little sensitive to downy mildew, grape moths and to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and the berries are small. Gewurztraminer has a good sugar accumulation potential and in favorable terroirs, produces excellent quality wines, moderately acidic, full-bodied and generous with powerful and particular aromas (rose, litchis). These aromas tend to become heavier and less eleganat in warm climatic zones.
Clonal selection in France
The eight certified Gewurztraminer clones carry the numbers 47, 48, 643, 1075, 1076, 1077, 1078 et 1079. A conservatory of almost 140 clones was planted in Alsace in 1998.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
47 Alsace INRA 1971 Alsace 2.44 ha medium medium medium medium medium medium medium wines appreciated in tasting clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and the quality of the wines obtained
48 Alsace INRA 1971 Alsace 0.67 ha medium high medium to high low to medium medium low to medium medium representative wines of the variety regular production clone
643 Alsace INRA 1980 Alsace 1.38 ha medium to high high medium to high low to medium medium low to medium medium representative wines of the variety
1075 Alsace INRA - CIVA 2003 Alsace 0.25 ha medium medium medium low to medium medium medium medium wines appreciated in tasting clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and the quality of the wines obtained. Suitable for hillsides with superficial soils because of its above-average vigor.
1076 Alsace INRA - CIVA 2003 Alsace 0.20 ha medium low low medium low high low to medium wines appreciated in tasting bunches loose with a little of millerandage. Clone appreciated for its low yield and the quality of the wines obtained.
1077 Alsace INRA - CIVA 2003 Alsace 0.23 ha medium medium medium medium medium medium to high medium wines appreciated in tasting clone appreciated for its regularity of production and the quality of the wines obtained
1078 Alsace INRA - CIVA 2003 Alsace 0.21 ha medium medium to high medium medium medium medium medium wines appreciated in tasting clone appreciated for its regularity of production and the quality of the wines obtained
1079 Alsace INRA - CIVA 2003 Alsace 0.22 ha medium medium medium medium to high medium medium medium wines appreciated in tasting clone appreciated for its regularity of production and the quality of the wines obtained