Genouillet N
Name of the variety in France
Genouillet
Origin
This variety is native to the center of France and based on published genetic analyses, would be the result of the crossbreeding between Gouais blanc and Tressot.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Genouillet is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" since 2011 on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 2018
ha 2 4.3
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a low to medium density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves with bronze spots,
- the shoots with red stripes,
- the wedge-shaped or cordate adult leaves, with three or five lobes, deep upper lateral sinuses, a slightly open V-shaped petiole sinus, small to medium teeth with straight sides or with one side convex and one side concave, a weak anthocyanin coloration of veins, an involute, twisted and blistered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low to medium density of erect hairs ans no prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped or slightly ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 249 178 200 244 238 216 239
Allel 2 137 232 249 186 204 246 238 245 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturitymid-season, 2 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Genouillet is moderately vigorous, with a semi-erect bearing, and should preferably be pruned short.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Genouillet is susceptible to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
Genouillet's bunches are medium in size and compact. The berries are also medium in size. This variety produces fresh, light, colored and pleasant wines.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Genouillet clone carries the number 1291.
Bibliographic references
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
- Wine Grapes. J. Robinson et al., 2012, Ed. Penguin, England.
- Registre Ampélographique International. 1961-1972, Ed. OIV, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1291 Hérault IFV 2018