Gascon N
Name of the variety in France
Gascon
Origin
This variety is originally from the north of France.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Gascon is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2000 2008 2018
ha 51 27 5 7 1 1 1 1
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves,
- the circular dark green adult leaves, entire or with three or five lobes, with a closed petiole sinus with overlapping lobes, medium teeth with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a flat sometimes goffered leaf blade, blistered, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 176 188 246 238 216 239
Allel 2 141 223 243 186 194 260 254 233 239
Phenology
Bud burst: 6 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is fairly vigorous and can be grown in various conditions. It is better to prune it short.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Gascon is rather susceptible to grey rot. It is less sensitive to downy mildew.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are medium in size and the berries are small. Gascon produces very colored, lively and acidic wines with a medium degree of alcohol. Full matruity is necessary to obtain a good quality product.
Clonal selection in France
There is no certified clone for this variety yet.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.