Ganson N
Name of the variety in France
Ganson
Origin
This variety was obtained in 1958 by INRA by crossbreeding Grenache and Jurançon.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Ganson is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 30 12 6 4.9
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves with bronze spots,
- the shoots with red-striped internodes,
- the circular adult leaves, with three or five lobes, shallow lateral sinuses, a closed petiole sinus or with overlapping lobes, small teeth, short to medium with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low to medium density of erect hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 135 223 239 188 188 258 248 243 239
Allel 2 149 236 243 191 196 260 254 245 239
Phenology
Bud burst: 6 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is fairly early and has an erect bearing. It has a steady production and is sufficiently fertile to be pruned short and trained in gobelet.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Ganson is not very sensitive to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and berries are large. Ganson produces fine wines which are not very colored and not very typical.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Ganson clone carries the number 534.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
534 INRA 1976 Languedoc