Gaminot N
Name of the variety in France
Gaminot
Origin
This variety was obtained by INRA and SICAREX Beaujolais in the 1980's and results from the crossbreeding of Gamay and Pinot noir.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Gaminot is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" since 2014 on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
2018
ha 0
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves with a low density of prostate hairs,
- the shoots with red-striped internodes and a strong anthocyanin coloration of bud scales,
- the small, wedge-shaped or circular adult leaves, with five lobes, U-shaped lateral sinuses with slightly overlapping lobes, a slightly open or closed, U- or brace-shaped petiole sinus with sometimes naked petiole veins, short teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides, a very low anthocyanin coloration of veins, a flat or involute, finely blistered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, no or a very low density of erect hairs and a low density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 225 239 182 194 240 238 235 239
Allel 2 135 232 249 186 204 246 238 245 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 3 days before Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Gaminot has a low to medium vigor and a horizontal to semi-erect bearing. It can be pruned short. This variety tends to produce a lot of grappillons.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Gaminot is sensitive to downy mildew and powdery mildew. It is however less affected by grey rot.
Technological potentiality
Gaminot’s bunches are small and compact. The berries are also small, simple-flavored, sometimes with a slight herbaceous flavor, with a thin skin and a very juicy pulp. This variety produces colored, not very acidic, tannic, fine and balanced wines. Their aromatic profile is close to that of Pinot noir.
Clonal selection in France
There is no certified clone for this variety yet.
Bibliographic references
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.