Furmint B
Name of the variety in France
Furmint
Origin
This variety is originally from Hungary. Based on published genetic analyses, Furmint is probably the result of a crossbreeding between Gouais blanc and Alba imputotato.
Synonyms
In the Euopean Union, Furmint is officially called by other names: Kéknyelü (Hungary), Moslavac (Croatia) and Sipon (Slovenia). These synonyms are officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Furmint is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Hungary, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 2018
ha 21 0.2
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a very high density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves,
- the wedge-shaped or circulo-kidney-shaped adult leaves, entire or with three lobes, shallow lateral sinuses, an open U-shaped petiole sinus or with slightly overlapping lobes, medium teeth compared to their width at the base with straight or convex sides or with one side convex and one side concave, clearly mucronate, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a thick, involute and finely blistered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves a high density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped or broad ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 176 188 238 238 227 263
Allel 2 151 238 249 191 204 250 240 247 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Furmint is a moderately to strong vigorous variety with an erect bearing. It must be pruned short. This variety is sometimes susceptible to millerandage.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Furmint is sensitive to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
Furmint's bunches are small but the berries are large. The sugar potential of this variety is moderate. Furmint produces full-bodied, powerful wines with high acidity. When this variety is harvested after passerillage (raisining) or in presence of noble rot, extraordinary sweet wines can be produced.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Furmint clone carries the number 1149.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1149 Bouches-du-Rhône IFV 2010 representative wines of the variety