Fuella nera N
Name of the variety in France
Fuella nera
Origin
This variety is grown in the Alpes-Maritimes, around Nice.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Fuella nera is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1979 2000 2008 2018
ha 14 10 8 16 22
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a very high density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves with bronze spots,
- the large wedge-shaped or pentagonal adult leaves, with five lobes, an elongated main lobe, a petiole sinus with very overlapping lobes and a fairly frequent tooth on the edge, short teeth compared to their width at the base witg straight sides, a slight anthocyanin coloration of veins, a matte, twisted and blistered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect hairs and a high density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries,
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 236 239 178 186 248 240 233 251
Allel 2 143 238 243 186 188 260 254 243 255
Phenology
Bud burst: 1 day after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Fuella nera is vigorous and well adapted to drought. It must be pruned short and planted in well exposed terroirs.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Fuella nera is susceptible to powdery mildew and to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are large while the berries are small. Fuella nera produces colored, full-bodied, rather fine and aromatic wines with low acidity.
Clonal selection in France
The two certified Fuella nera clones carry the numbers 1073 and 1074. These two clones are originally from the wine-growing region of Bellet (French department of Alpes-Maritimes).
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1073 Alpes-Maritimes ENTAV 2003 Domaine de l'Espiguette
Languedoc
medium medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
1074 Alpes-Maritimes ENTAV 2003 Domaine de l'Espiguette
Languedoc
medium low to medium low to medium medium medium representative wines of the variety