Floreal B
New
Name of the variety in France
Floreal
Origin
Floreal has been obtained by INRA. This interspecific hybrid results from the interspecific crossbreeding of Villaris and a descendant of Muscadinia rotundifolia.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Floreal is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" since 2018 on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
2018
ha 7.9
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the flat tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs and a piping distribution of anthocyanin coloration,
- the yellow young leaves with bronze spots and on the lower side of the leaves, a high density of prostate hairs on the blade and no or a very low density on the veins,
- the shoots with green internodes,
- the often poly-furcated tendrils (up until 6 or 7 branches),
- the cordate or pentagonal adult leaves, entire or with three lobes, with a closed petiole sinus with overlapping lobes, short teeth compared to their width at the base with convex sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a blistered, slightly goffered, twisted leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of prostate hairs,
- the obloid or round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 234 239 194 246 238 233 255
Allel 2 131 248 247 194 260 240 243 255
Phenology
Bud burst: 10 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early-season, 1 week to 1 week and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Floreal is vigorous and has a semi-erect bearing. This variety is susceptible to magnesium deficiency. It must be carrefully trellised.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Floreal is resistant to downy mildew and powdery mildew. It is also partially resistant to black rot. This variety is however sensitive to bud mite disease.
Technological potentiality
Floreal’s bunches are small and loose. The berries are medium in size with a moderately thick skin and a soft, averagely juicy pulp. Floreal produces expressive, rather aromatic and fresh wines, with exotic fruits and box tree aromas.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Floreal clone carries the number 1265.
Bibliographic references
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Floreal variety note, C. Schneider, 2018.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1265 Haut-Rhin INRA - IFV 2017