Fer N
Name of the variety in France
Fer
Origin
This variety from the south west of France could originally be from the Gironde.
Synonyms
In France, this variety can officially be called "Braucol", "Fer servadou", "Mansois" or "Pinenc" regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Fer is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 952 978 319 494 1248 1679 1584
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the green young leaves with bronze spots,
- the small or medium adult leaves, with five lobes, shallow lateral sinuses, a slightly open petiole sinus, short teeth, no anthocynanin coloration of veins, a twisted leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries, with a herbaceous flavor.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 137 223 239 182 188 246 238 227 239
Allel 2 149 236 249 186 200 252 248 247 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 6 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety can be irregularly fertile and must be pruned long. Frequently a substantial part of the buds do not burst. The clusters keep well on the vine trunk and have peduncle which lignifies.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Fer usually has a good resistance to grey rot. This variety is also not very sensitive to downy mildew, but is it is susceptible to vine leafhoppers.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are medium in size and compact while the berries are small to medium in size. Fer produces lively wines, moderately colored but rather tannic and rustic with typical (wild) aromas. When the grapes have reached maturity, if the yields are managed, Fer's aromas are fruity (blackcurrant, red berries).
Clonal selection in France
The nine certified Fer clones carry the numbers 420, 421, 556, 557, 628, 670, 671, 672 and 895. Two conservatories with a total of 120 clones are planted in the win-growing region of Gaillac (French department of Tarn) and in the French department of Aveyron.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
420 Gers ENTAV 1975 Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Tarn
1.42 ha low to medium low to medium medium medium to high medium medium medium medium fine and aromatic wines steady production. Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and the quality of the wines obtained.
421 Gers ENTAV 1975 Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Tarn
0.55 ha medium low to medium low to medium medium medium to high medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
556 Gers ENTAV 1977 Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Tarn
1.40 ha medium medium low to medium medium medium to high medium to high medium medium to high representative wines of the variety
557 Aveyron ENTAV 1977 Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Tarn
1.04 ha medium medium medium medium to high medium medium medium medium fine and aromatic wines clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and the quality of the wines obtained
628 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1979 Gers
Pyrénées-Atlantiques
0.55 ha medium medium to high medium to high medium to high low to medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
670 Gers ENTAV 1979 Tarn low to medium low to medium medium medium medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
671 Aveyron ENTAV 1979 Gers
Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Tarn
medium medium to high medium to high medium low medium high medium representative wines of the variety Irregular production, later maturity clone than the other Fer clones
672 Tarn ENTAV 1979 Gers
Tarn
0.44 ha low to medium medium medium medium medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
895 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1987 Pyrénées-Atlantiques 1.15 ha medium medium low to medium low to medium medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety later maturity clone than the other Fer clones