Name of the variety in France
This variety from the south west of France could originally be from the Gironde.
In France, this variety can officially be called "Braucol", "Fer servadou", "Mansois" or "Pinenc" regarding plant propagation material.
In France, Fer is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
The identification is based on:
- the green young leaves with bronze spots,
- the small or medium adult leaves, with five lobes, shallow lateral sinuses, a slightly open petiole sinus, short teeth, no anthocynanin coloration of veins, a twisted leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect and prostrate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries, with a herbaceous flavor.
Bud burst: 6 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety can be irregularly fertile and must be pruned long. Frequently a substantial part of the buds do not burst. The clusters keep well on the vine trunk and have peduncle which lignifies.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Fer usually has a good resistance to grey rot. This variety is also not very sensitive to downy mildew, but is it is susceptible to vine leafhoppers.
The bunches are medium in size and compact while the berries are small to medium in size. Fer produces lively wines, moderately colored but rather tannic and rustic with typical (wild) aromas. When the grapes have reached maturity, if the yields are managed, Fer's aromas are fruity (blackcurrant, red berries).
Clonal selection in France
The ten certified Fer clones carry the numbers 420, 421, 556, 557, 628, 670, 671, 672, 895 and 1347.
Two conservatories with a total of 120 clones are planted in the win-growing region of Gaillac (French department of Tarn) and in the French department of Aveyron.
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.