Exalta B
Name of the variety in France
Exalta
Origin
This variety was obtained in 1966 by INRA by crossbreeding Muscat de Hambourg and Perlette.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Exalta is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list.
Use
Table grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
2000 2008 2018
ha 3 7 3.5
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of young shoot with a low density of prostate hairs,
- the shoots with long yellow tendrils,
- the circular, matte, light green adult leaves, entire or with three lobes, an open U-shaped petiole sinus, medium to long teeth with straight sides or with one side convex and one side concave, a smooth involute leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, no or a verylow density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the ovoid or narrow ellipsoid berries with a slightly aromatic or muscat flavor.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 229 249 176 186 240 240 233 249
Allel 2 133 232 253 182 188 256 254 243 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 1 day before Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early-season, 1 week after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Exalta has moderate to strong vigor and a semi-erect bearing. This variety must be trellised and pruned long.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Exalta is not very sensitive to rot.
Technological potentiality
Exalta's bunches are medium to large in size. The berries are small to medium in size with a fairly thin skin and juicy pulp, with a slightly muscat flavor and a very pleasant floral character. The clusters must be well exposed in order to obtain a good coloration. The non-lignified grape seed tissues are present but not very noticeable. This variety is not very sensitive to berry shedding and have a good storage and transport capacity.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Exalta clone carries the number 969.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
969 INRA 1990