Elbling B
Name of the variety in France
Elbling
Origin
This variety was formerly grown in the north east of France and based on published genetic analyses is probably a descendant of Gouais blanc.
Synonyms
In Austria, Elbling is officially designated as "Weisser Elbling". This synonym is officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Elbling is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Germany and Luxembourg.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2018
ha 323 127 3 2 1.1
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,,
- the green young leaves with slightly bronze spots,
- the adult leaves with three or five lobes, a V-shaped slightly open petiole sinus, long teeth with straight sides, a moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins, an involute, goffered, blistered leaf blade, folded near the petiole sinus, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 141 236 249 176 194 238 248 227 239
Allel 2 149 238 257 186 204 246 254 233 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 3 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Elbling is very vigorous and must be pruned long. It is sensitive to magnesium deficiency.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Elbling is susceptible to powdery mildew and grape moths. It is very sensitive to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are small and the berries are large. Elbling produces ordinary and acidic wine.
Clonal selection in France
There is no certified clone for this variety yet.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.