Ekigaïna N
Name of the variety in France
Ekigaïna
Origin
This variety was obtained by INRA in 1955 and is the result of a crossbreeding between Tannat and Cabernet-Sauvignon.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Ekigaïna is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
2000 2008 2018
ha 4 4 2.8
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a medium to high density of prostate hairs,
- the reddish young leaves,
- the pentagonal adult leaves, with five or seven lobes, a slightly open or with slightly overlapping lobes U-shaped petiole sinus, with ofte naked petiole veins, medium teeth with convex sides, a moderate anthocynanin coloration of veins, an involute blistered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium to high density of erect hairs and a low density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 149 236 239 172 188 240 238 233 239
Allel 2 153 238 249 182 194 248 254 233 255
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks and a half to 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is moderately vigorous, with a semi-erect bearing. Ekigaïna must be trained and pruned long.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Ekigaïna does not seem to be particularly sensitive to diseases.
Technological potentiality
The cunches and berries are medium in size. Ekigaïna produces colored, balanced, fairly warm and typical wines that are relatively low in acidity.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Ekigaïna clone carries the number 981.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
981 INRA 1991 Bordelais
Sud-Ouest