Durif N
Name of the variety in France
Durif
Origin
This variety was developed by Mr Durif, and is the result of the crossbreeding between Syrah and Peloursin.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Durif is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 2018
ha 530 359 9 5.9
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow or green young leaves,
- the end of the woody shoots that are sometimes fasciated,
- the circular dark green adult leaves, with five lobes, very deep open club-shaped lateral sinuses, an open U-shaped petiole sinus, small teeth with convex sides, no anthocynanin coloration of veins, a finely blistered leaf blade, sometimes folded near the petiole sinus, and on the lower side of the leaves, no or a very low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped or broad ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 229 239 176 194 252 240 227 239
Allel 2 149 229 251 188 200 252 248 235 251
Phenology
Bud burst: 8 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks and a half 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Durif has low to moderate vigor with a semi-erect to horizontal bearing. Rather fertile, it can be pruned short. The berries are sensitive to heat and shrivelling. This variety is also sensitive to winter frosts.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Durif is sensitive to wood diseases, grey rot and black rot, but is not very susceptible to downy mildew.
Technological potentiality
Durif's bunches and berries are medium in size. The sugar potential of this variety is average. Durif has the capacity to make colored, fairly tannic and astringent, but not very fruity wines.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Durif clone carries the number 1130.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1130 Tarn IFV 2009 representative wines of the variety