Cualtacciu B
New
Name of the variety in France
Cualtacciu
Origin
This variety is originally from Corsica, probably from the wine growing region of Balagne.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Cualtacciu is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" since 2020 on the A list but is not yet classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the white tip of the young shoots with a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the green yellowish young leaves with a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the green shoots,
- the small, circular or wedge-shaped, light green adult leaves, with three or five lobes, shallow lateral sinus, an open U-shaped petiole sinus, small mucronate teeth, short compared to their width at the base with straight or convex sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a mate, revolute, finely blistered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect hairs and a low density of prostate hairs,
- the broad ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 153 223 249 186 196 248 240 233 239
Allel 2 153 238 262 186 196 258 254 243 261
Phenology
Bud burst: 9 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early-season, 1 week and a half to 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Cualtacciu is productive, vigorous and has a semi-erect or horizontal bearing.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
[drafting underway]
Technological potentiality
Cualtacciu's bunches are medium in size and compact. The berries are small to medium, simple-flavored, with a moderately thick skin and a moderately juicy pulp. This variety produces light-bodied wines with a pronounced, intense acidity, that are expressive on the nose, with citrus fruits and exotiques fruits notes. Cualtacciu is interesting to improve the liveliness in blends.
Clonal selection in France
There is no certified clone for this variety yet. A conservatory of 5 clones was planted in Corsica by the CRVI in 2006.
Bibliographic references
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Les cépages insulaires ou le Riacquistu des cépages corses. CRVI de Corse, 2016, San Giuliano, France.

Publications of CIVAM Corse : Lexique des noms corses de cépages, November 1989, updated in December 1992 ; Caractéristiques générales et aptitudes des cépages corses, May 1995.