Courbu noir N
Name of the variety in France
Courbu noir
Origin
Courbu noir is a native variety from the Pyrenesse vineyards. It does not correspond to the black form of Courbu.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Courbu noir is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 10 11 1 1 1.2
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the red and very bronzed young leaves,
- the adult leaves with five lobes, open lateral sinuses, an open petiole sinus and with often a tooth on the edge, small teeth with straight sides, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium to high density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 236 239 172 188 248 238 233 239
Allel 2 137 236 249 178 200 260 248 243 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 3 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This fairly unproductive variety must be managed with long pruning.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Courbu noir is fairly susceptible to powdery mildew but resists well against downy mildew.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and berries are small. Courbu noir produces fine, light in color and in alcohol but relatively astringent wines.
Clonal selection in France
The two certified Courbu noir clones carry the numbers 728 and 729.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
728 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1980 Sud-Ouest Clone not widely distributed, consistent with the characteristics of the variety.
729 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1980 Sud-Ouest Clone not widely distributed, consistent with the characteristics of the variety.