Counoise N
Name of the variety in France
Counoise
Origin
This variety would appear to be originally from the Vaucluse.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Counoise is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 660 885 615 510 312
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the yellow young leaves with bronze spots,
- the adult leaves with five lobes, a closed petiole sinus with overlapping lobes, medium to long teeth compared to their width at the base with convex sides, medium anthocyanin coloration of veins, a thick, blistered and twisted leaf blade, curly on the edges, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect hairs and a high density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 247 186 194 248 238 257 239
Allel 2 131 234 257 191 204 252 240 257 261
Phenology
Bud burst: 12 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks and a half to 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This vigorous variety with a semi-erect bearing must be pruned short and may be trained in gobelet. It is particularly adapted to hillside, warm and stony terroir. It tends to have irregular production (fluctuations in production).
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Counoise is not very sensitive to downy mildew, but is fairly susceptible to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are medium in size and the berries are large, sometimes a little heterogeneous in size. Counoise produces fruity, with a certain acidity, but not very colored wines.
Clonal selection in France
The two certified Counoise clones carry the numbers 508 and 725. A conservatory of ten or so clones was planted in 2001 in the Côtes du Rhône.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
508 Vaucluse ENTAV 1976 Languedoc Little difference between clones 508 and 725. These are not widely distributed.
725 Bouches-du-Rhône ENTAV 1981 Languedoc clone carrying the leafroll associated virus 2 Little difference between clones 508 and 725. These are not widely distributed.