Couderc noir N
Name of the variety in France
Couderc noir
Origin
Le Couderc noir (7120 Couderc) is an interspecific hybrid selected by G. Couderc, that would result from a crossbreeding of Munson (70 Jaeger = Vitis aestivalis x Vitis rupestris) and a Vitis vinifera variety. Based on genetic analyses carried out in Montpellier, this variety is Raisaine.
Synonyms
In France, this variety can officially be called "7120 Couderc" regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Couderc noir is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 26616 23291 7737 2595 585 242 93
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a low to medium density of prostate hairs and a strong piping anthocyanin coloration,
- the shiny and green young leaves with slightly bronze spots,
- the pentagonal or circular light green adult leaves, entire or with three lobes, with shallow U-shaped lateral sinuses, a slightly open V-shaped petiole sinus or with slightly overlapping lobes, short teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a blistered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect hairs,
- the elllipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 234 249 178 194 244 240 245 271
Allel 2 145 243 251 198 204 246 242 247 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 1 day after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Couderc noir is susceptible to chlorosis. It is fairly vigorous and productive. This variety has an erect to semi-erect bearing and can be pruned short.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Couderc noir is not very affected by downy mildew, powdery mildew and grey rot, but it is fairly susceptible to phylloxera.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are compact and small to medium in size. The berries are medium in size and not very juicy. Sugar potential is moderate. Couderc noir produces very colored wines with the presence of diglucosid anthocyanins. Best results are obtained when it is vinified as rosé.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Couderc noir clone carries the number 1249.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 1. P. Galet, 1988, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1249 Hérault IFV - INRA 2016