Colombard B
Name of the variety in France
Colombard
Origin
Based on published genetic analyses, this variety would result from a crossbreeding of Gouais blanc and Chenin.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Colombard is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria, Cyprus, Portugal and Spain.
Use
Wine and spirits grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 13105 11892 5829 4911 6740 7459 11099
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the yellow young leaves with bronze spots,
- the circular or kidney-shaped adult leaves, entire or with three lobes, with a very open V-shaped petiole sinus, small teeth, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, an involute leaf blade, slightly curly on the edges, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low to medium density or erect and prostate hairs,
- the broad ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 141 229 239 172 188 244 248 245 255
Allel 2 149 238 239 178 196 248 254 247 267
Phenology
Bud burst: 2 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Colombard is a fertile, very vigorous and productive variety. It can be pruned long or short, depending on production objectives. Pruning is fairly difficult because Colombard wood is hard. At maturity, this variety has a tendancy to berry shedding.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
This variety is slightly susceptible to powdery mildew on the leaves and grey rot when the grapes are ripe.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and berries are medium in size. This variety produces pleasant, aromatic wines with a good acidity. Spirits obtained from Colombard are of avergae quality and are mostly blended.
Clonal selection in France
The fourteen certified Colombard clones carry the numbers 551, 552, 553, 605, 606, 607, 608, 609, 625, 626, 695, 938, 1179 and 1180. More than 180 clones are gathered in two conservatories planted in 1995 and in 2002 in the French department of Gers. An other conservatory of almost 200 clones was planted in 2010 in the French department of Charente.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
551 Gers ENTAV 1978 Gers 0.76 ha medium low low low high low to medium wines appreciated in tasting bushy bearing
552 Gers ENTAV 1978 Gers 1.79 ha low low to medium medium high medium to high medium representative wines of the variety
553 Gers ENTAV 1978 Gers 1.82 ha medium to high medium to high medium medium medium low to medium wines appreciated in tasting
605 Gers ENTAV 1978 Gers 1.10 ha low to medium low to medium medium to high medium medium to high medium less appreciated in wine tastings
606 Gers ENTAV 1978 Gers 2.16 ha low to medium low to medium medium to high medium medium to high medium representative wines of the variety more erect bearing, large canes
607 Gers ENTAV 1978 Gers 3.30 ha low to medium medium medium medium medium medium wines appreciated in tasting
608 Gers ENTAV 1978 Gers 0.32 ha medium to high high medium to high medium low to medium medium to high less appreciated in wine tastings
609 Gers ENTAV 1978 Gers 1.30 ha low to medium medium medium medium low to medium medium to high representative wines of the variety
625 Gers ENTAV 1978 Gers 2.18 ha medium to high medium to high medium medium medium to high medium representative wines of the variety
626 Gers ENTAV 1978 Gers 1.46 ha medium to high medium to high medium medium low medium less appreciated in wine tastings
695 Gers ENTAV 1978 Gers 2.13 ha low to medium low to medium medium low low to medium medium representative wines of the variety more erect bearing, long internodes and numerous tendrils
938 Gers ENTAV 1978 Gers 1.20 ha medium medium medium medium medium to high low to medium wines appreciated in tasting
1179 Gers IFV 2012 Gers low to medium low low medium to high medium medium wines appreciated in tasting for their acidity/volume balance comparable to clone 607 but with a less bushy bearing
1180 Gers IFV 2012 Gers low to medium medium to high medium to high medium to high medium medium to high wines appreciated in tasting for their aromatic intensity and volume in the mouth comparable to clone 607 but more appreciated in tasting