Cinsaut N
Name of the variety in France
Cinsaut
Origin
This southern variety would appear to originally be from Provence.
Synonyms
In France, this variety can officially be called "Cinsault" regarding plant propagation material. In Italy, Cinsaut is officially designated as "Ottavianello".
Legal information
In France, Cinsaut is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece, Italy and Portugal
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 10915 18188 51643 48184 32955 24773 18711
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the circular adult leaves, with five lobes, fairly deep V-shaped lateral sinuses, a slightly open or closed petiole sinus, long teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides or with one side concave and one side convex, a slightly involute leaf blade, particularly the main lobe, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of prostate hairs and a medium density of erect hairs,
- the ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 243 176 188 256 238 227 255
Allel 2 131 223 247 178 204 260 248 233 261
Phenology
Bud burst: 9 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks after Chasselas
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This grape variety is fertile, productive, very drought resistant and not very susceptible to browning. Under fertile conditions, yields are too high and the products obtained are then of low quality. Cinsaut should preferably be grown on poor and dry soils. Under such conditions, steady production can be achieved. It's a not a very vigorous vine (small wood diameter), with drooping branches that must be pruned short. It tends to to produce many off shoots and suckers and it must be carefully disbudded. The aging of vine stock is fairly quick. In a limestone area and in the spring, Cinsaut may easily show signs of chlorosis.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Cinsaut is susceptible to wood diseases (esca, eutypa dieback), mites, grape moths (European grapevine moth) and grey rot. On the othe hand, this variety is moderately sensitive to powdery mildew.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are large and the berries very large. Juice yield is very high. On good, low fertile terroirs (schist for exampke) with low yields, it is possible for this variety to obtain, fruity, sometimes spicy, pleasant and supple wines, and particularly excellent rosés.
Clonal selection in France
The twenty certified Cinsaut clones carry the numbers 3, 4, 5, 67, 91, 92, 103, 104, 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 258, 259, 260, 261, 320, 321 and 322. A conservatory with a hundred or so clones was planted in the wine-growing region of Côtes de Provence (French department of Var) in 2006.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
3 Gard ENTAV 1971 Languedoc 3.79 ha high high high high medium representative wines of the variety
4 Gard ENTAV 1971 Languedoc 0.25 ha medium medium medium low to medium representative wines of the variety clone well representative of the variety
5 Gard ENTAV 1971 Languedoc 5.03 ha high medium to high medium high medium representative wines of the variety
67 Gard ENTAV 1971 Languedoc 0.22 ha low to medium low to medium low to medium high representative wines of the variety clone carrying the leafroll associated virus 2. Irregular production.
91 Gard ENTAV 1971 Languedoc low to medium low to medium medium low medium representative wines of the variety
92 Gard ENTAV 1971 Languedoc 0.65 ha low low medium low high representative wines of the variety clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics
103 Haute-Garonne ENTAV 1971 Languedoc 2.61 ha low to medium low to medium medium high representative wines of the variety clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics
104 Gard ENTAV 1971 Languedoc 0.80 ha high medium low to medium medium representative wines of the variety steady production
252 Aude INRA 1973 Languedoc 0.83 ha high high high representative wines of the variety
253 Non précisée INRA 1973 Clone not widely distributed.
254 Aude INRA 1973 Languedoc high high high medium representative wines of the variety
255 Aude INRA 1973 Languedoc 0.42 ha low low low high representative wines of the variety clone carrying the leafroll associated virus 2
256 Aude INRA 1973 Languedoc medium medium to high high low representative wines of the variety
258 Non précisée INRA 1973 Clone not widely distributed.
259 Non précisée INRA 1973 Clone not widely distributed.
260 Aude INRA 1973 Languedoc medium medium to high high low representative wines of the variety
261 Aude INRA 1973 Languedoc 0.46 ha medium medium to high high medium representative wines of the variety
320 Aude INRA 1975 Languedoc 0.38 ha medium medium medium high representative wines of the variety clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics
321 Aude INRA 1975 Languedoc 0.26 ha medium medium medium high representative wines of the variety clone carrying the leafroll associated virus 2
322 Non précisée INRA 1975 Clone not widely distributed.